Through the constant spread of information and multiple campaigns to raise awareness, many people recognize that smoking during pregnancy can lead to a number of fatal diseases for both the smoker and unborn child. However, the unfortunate truth is that even in 2017, there are women who do not realize the tremendous damage that they may be doing when smoking while pregnant. Recent studies show that expecting mothers who smoke cigarettes during their pregnancy may cause chromosomal abnormalities within the cells of the fetus. These chromosomal abnormalities increase the risk for adult and childhood leukemia.
Before we continue with the scientific discoveries that discuss the link between smoking and childhood leukemia, it is important to establish the dangers of leukemia itself. Leukemia is a form of cancer of the blood cell producing tissues. This means that having leukemia will result in abnormal blood cells. The belief is that leukemia relates to damage to the genes or chromosomes. It is the most common form of cancer seen in children. Leukemia is also responsible for more deaths in infants and toddlers than any other form of cancer. While it is often used as an encompassing term, there are many different forms of leukemia, two of which are particularly important in kids. These two forms are AML (acute myelogenous leukemia) and ALL (acute lymphoblastic leukemia).
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia – This is the most common form of leukemia in children and 78% of all leukemia cases are ALL cases. Between 1977 and 1995, the number of ALL cases increased almost a full percent each year. Many scientists believe that this increase relates to environmental factors.
Acute non-lymphocytic leukemia – This form of leukemia is the second most common form and makes up 19% of all leukemia cases in children. Unlike AML, this form of leukemia has not seen any significant increases since 1975.
There is nothing new about the adverse effects that smoking has on the body, both before, after, and during pregnancy. Just a handful of the health problems commonly associated with smoking cigarettes include low birth weight, birth complications, blood clotting, and infertility. However, the link between damaging an infant’s DNA and smoking cigarettes was not scientifically established until recently in the Journal of the American Medical Association.
According to co-author Dr. Josep Egozcue (employed at the Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona in Bellaterra, Spain), there is an increase of chromosomal lesions in fetus cells in women who smoke during pregnancy. During the study, the researchers interviewed 800 pregnant women and finally came upon 25 women who never smoked once in their life and 25 women who have smoked at least 10 cigarettes daily for a decade or longer. The studies were done by taking amniotic fluid samples during routine amniocentesis.
Researchers found that compared to the nonsmokers, the fetuses of those women who smoked while they were pregnant showed significantly more chromosomal abnormalities, especially in those chromosomal regions that are directly involved in the formation of blood cells. While there is no direct relationship between leukemia and chromosomal damage, it does suggest that a woman smoking while she is pregnant puts her unborn child at more risk than already thought. While it is true that a larger control group would prove beneficial, it should make it obvious that smoking opens the door for additional problems. Thus making it abundantly clear that women need to be informed that they should avoid smoking cigarettes during pregnancy at all costs.
While the study may have been restricted to women who are actual smokers, the results may be just as bad for those pregnant women who live with smokers themselves. The secondhand smoke may put unborn children at risk. According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, both women exposed to secondhand smoke during their reproductive years and women who smoked during pregnancy increased the risk of preterm delivery, fetal growth restriction, and stillbirths. While scientific studies may be needed to confirm or deny the fact, it may be realistic to assume that those who are around secondhand smoke are also at risk for childhood leukemia. Further emphasizing the dangers.
If you have been diagnosed with a major medical condition, it could be advisable to get a second opinion, particularly if the diagnosis also comes along with a recommended treatment plan. Before embarking on treatments that can be costly and time consuming, a second opinion from another doctor can help you decide what the best treatment is for you and your life.
Some people hesitate to get a second opinion out of fear of offending their current doctor. This is not something to be concerned about, especially when your health is at stake. In fact most doctors encourage and understand a patient getting a second opinion for a serious health condition. A doctor who makes a patient feel as though a second opinion is not necessary should raise a red flag with patients. Most doctors will even happily recommend specialists for you to meet with for a second opinion. If you would rather not ask your doctor for a recommendation, you can also consult with your insurance company or ask around to see if anyone you know has a specialist they can recommend.
In some instances it may be a requirement from your insurance company to obtain a second opinion before claims will be covered. It could be determined that you do not need a procedure or medicine, or that there are less expensive alternatives. Of course finding less expensive alternative treatments benefits the insurance company, but depending on your deductibles and copays this could be beneficial for you, the patient, as well.
A second opinion can also save your life. While doctors are highly trained, they are still human beings and it’s possible for them to make mistakes. A different doctor could look at your condition differently or see something that the original doctor didn’t see. If you feel your doctor isn’t taking your condition seriously enough, then you should get a second opinion.
If you have decided you would like to get a second medical opinion, first you need to make sure you have gathered all the documentation you have from your current doctor. You can ask your doctor’s office for your records, or ask that they be forwarded to another doctor. Next, make sure you have specific questions ready for the second doctor. You want to let them know exactly what your questions are and what you are looking to get out of obtaining a second opinion. Finally, request that the second doctor send all his notes to you and your current doctor.
If the opinions of the two doctors differ greatly, then you need to go with your gut. Is one plan less risky or does one focus on issues that are more important to you? In the end, it is your health and your body so you need to do what you feel is truly best. There is also the option of getting a third opinion.
It may not be necessary to even go to the doctor to get a second opinion. Online second medical opinions are becoming more popular. This means obtaining a second opinion online, instead of visiting the doctor personally. You would still need to get all your records from your current doctor, and then submit them through the website. The websites also offer telephone and chat support should you need it.
When it comes to your health, there is no such thing as being too careful. If a second medical opinion would make you feel better about a diagnosis or proposed treatment plan, then it is perfectly acceptable to get one and no doctor should discourage you. With the advent of second medical opinion websites, it is easier than ever to get a second opinion from a doctor.
Having a child who is disabled can definitely be hard sometimes but we love them nonetheless and always want to help them get the most out of life. The key is often just being aware of the little things and making sure your child always has a way being involved in the daily activities of the family whether it is doing chores or playing out in the yard. The key to making a disabled child feel loved is inclusion, not the modifications you implement for them. Here are some tips for caring for a disabled child while still making them feel loved and just as capable as anyone.
Make sure that if you have multiple children they often engage in an activity they can all do together. A child with an extreme case of polio or another disability that requires a walking aid could be the umpire if the kids want to play baseball, younger kids could all draw pictures and color together, or even play a video game.
When kids are young they never want to do chores but as they get older (around 12-13) they may start to feel inadequate if told to stay out of the way or not asked to help out when the whole family is busy cleaning. As a child ages they need to feel a sense of belonging and therefore it important to include them and let them show the family what they ARE capable of. Not for the family’s sake but for their own.
If your child has any prescribed meds, be sure they are taking them and taking the proper doses. Be mindful of what kind of friends they hang around as well in case they do something foolish in attempting to be cool like letting others sample pain meds. Keep an eye on them and make sure they and only they are using prescriptions properly.
Those who grew up with a sibling that never complained about anything know that if your disabled brother or sister has something wrong with their wheel chair or rollator, they will sometimes try and tough it out without telling anyone. They’ll do this in an attempt to show they are more capable and independent than everyone thinks. It will work until a wheel breaks on the sidewalk and they tip over into the street or a walker leg gives out and they fall. Remember, growing up can be difficult for any kid and those disabled suffer from the same insecurities as anyone.
If they have to get up ten flights of stairs to get to their room, they probably won’t be so eager to come home or leave their room once comfortable. Install hand rails or invest in a stair lift so that your child can get around easier. These alternatives are usually cheaper than relocating to a one-story house.
You’d be amazed how upset a child will get if by the time he gets downstairs to open presents on Christmas morning all of his siblings have opened theirs. Again, the best way to love them is to make sure they are included in every little thing they physically can participate in, especially family activities. Have them and their friends or siblings trick-or-treat each house together and let them experience the fun moments with the other kids.
It’s a very sad thing to see people who are legitimately disabled do terrible things like steal or vandalize someone else’s things just because they think their punishment will be less severe because of their situation. Put them in time out when they are young and ground them from going out when they are older. Be fair but firm and let them know that they neither below nor above anyone else when it comes to right and wrong.
The topic of medical body scanning is one that has gained significant popularity lately because more and more people are discussing the subject and wondering whether medical body scanning is something they should look more into. Before getting too serious about it, its important to learn more about the procedure and what it involves, and understand the purpose. This is the only way to properly understand about it and make the best decision on whether or not this is right for you.
There are various medical imaging facilities located around the world, offering CT scans to provide medical body scanning. This diagnostic imaging procedure uses X-rays in order to obtain cross-sectional images of the body. Recognized as a valuable medical tool for diagnosing disease and trauma, most people are only used to having this go on in a hospital, but there are other ways to use it. The screenings do provide a certain benefit, but also come with a certain amount of risk.
Some people decide to have a CT scan before they even think anything is wrong with them. With the means of being preventative, you may think this a good idea, to help detect anything wrong if you werent already aware. However, there are certain dangers to consider if this is something youre considering. Namely, the danger is in regards to the radiation dose given off by the CT screening. Every patient receives a certain amount of radiation during these screenings, and the amount is typically much larger than that of a regular X-ray. This is something to keep in mind, because continued exposure to radiation can result in significant side effects, and even the development of disease. So while you may have initially been using the scans in an attempt to avoid disease, you may actually be doing the opposite and causing it.
Medical body scanning can pose a lot of advantage, but make sure its something you are familiar with and understanding of before deciding. Talk to your doctor or another medical expert to find out more and get more details on the procedure. Depending on your current health and other personal factors, you may have valid reasons for medical body scanning, or you may not. At least you are aware that it is an option, and if you think it would be helpful in some way to you, you can find out more and become more familiar with the process before getting started.
Everyone experiences pain at certain points at certain times; it’s simply part of life. But how do you distinguish between pain you can manage on your own and pain in which you need the help of a professional? Sometimes the best option to relieve yourself of pain is to take a trip to the chiropractor and let them help to remedy your pains. So when do you know it’s time to visit a chiropractor?
Are you suddenly more limited in body movements? Is it difficult to move your neck or reach for things in the kitchen, for example? See a chiropractor and let them check to see if there’s a more serious explanation for the change.
Have you had a recent car accident or injury? These situations can cause more underlying issues than you may realize. After a significant injury, taking a trip to the chiropractor can save you from further hardships down the road. Things like auto injuries can cause longer lasting problems such as nerve damage, broken bones and torn ligaments if left untreated. Just because you feel as if you are healed, doesn’t mean you are.
Persistent pain in your extremities (i.e. your arms and legs) often times points to some sort of inflammation present in your body. This inflammation could mean there is a possible nerve or disc problem.
If you are experiencing pain that causes you to awake in the middle of the night? Typically, everyday aches and pains will not be significant enough to wake a person. If this happens to you, see a professional for an evaluation.
Continuous and frequent numbness or tingling in your body can also point to a serious issue which should be looked into as soon as possible. These types of sensations can mean nerve damage is present and, if left untreated, irreversible damage can occur. Don’t leave yourself with a lifetime burden of pain. Schedule a chiropractic appointment to survey your condition.
Back pain can be attributed to a wide variety of different conditions, but it is commonly said that a chiropractor should be your first stop on the road to discovering the cause to any type of back pain. Actually, chiropractors have more training time dedicated to learning about back related conditions and injuries than the average MD. They can be a huge help when it comes to a diagnosis.
Yes, there can be many explanations for headaches and I would not advise you to run out to the chiropractor at the onset of every one. But, there are instances where it’s a good idea to see a chiropractic professional. The majority of headaches are classified as “tension headaches.” Chiropractors have a significant success rate in treatment of these types of headaches and are a great option when the pain gets to be too much. The added bonus is that no drugs and medications are needed; it’s a much more natural remedy.
Chiropractors can be a valuable resource for people in many different situations experiencing a variety of different pains. Many people don’t see the value or take advantage of the services they offer nearly as much as they should. The natural and therapeutic approach is just an added bonus.